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ما هو العلاج بتحليل السلوك التطبيقي؟

تحليل السلوك التطبيقي هو نهج مثبت علمياً لفهم السلوك وتغيراته وأثر البيئة في تشكيلة، حيث يشير إلى مجموعة من مبادئ تحليل السلوك وكيفية حدوث التعلم من نواح عدة. أصبح هذا العلاج رائد لعلاج الاضطرابات السلوكية والنمائية لاحتوائه على أدوات منهجية وقوية لمساعدة أطفال اضطراب طيف التوحد أو ذوي الاضطرابات السلوكية أو النمائية على تغيير سلوكهم بطرق إيجابية طويلة الأمد.

What is a psychological evaluation?

A psychological evaluation is often thought of as the first line of defense in diagnosing and treating a mental health condition. Performed by a psychologist, it helps them gain an understanding of the severity and duration of your symptoms.

Tests and assessments are the two main components used in an evaluation. The testing part of an evaluation typically includes using formal tests, or “norm-referenced” tests. These are standardized tests that measure an individual’s ability to learn and understand several concepts.

Standardized tests, for example, can measure your reading ability compared to others of your same age and grade or intellectual level.

In a psychological evaluation, these tests can be adapted to measure whether an individual might have a particular condition or disorder.

An assessment, on the other hand, can include formal tests, like standardized ones, and informal tests, which are those that measure your performance and progress on certain activities.

Common components of an assessment include:

  • psychological tests

  • surveys and tests

  • interviews

  • observational data

  • medical and school history

Why are psychological evaluations done?

The American Psychiatric Association (APA) points out several signs and symptoms that might be an indication a psychological evaluation might be needed. These include the following:

  • changes in mood

  • nervousness

  • social withdrawal

  • changes in your sleep or eating habits

  • difficulty concentrating

  • trouble performing your usual tasks

  • a lack of interest in activities you previously enjoyed

If any of these signs sound familiar to you, do know that help is available — and that a psychological evaluation can be an important first step towards treatment and recovery.

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